D. Preventing Home Accident

To prevent accidents at home, especially in the presence of children and elderly people, the following guidelines should be observed:

  1. Provide adequate lighting in hallways and pathways. Make switches easy to locate and reach when people move from one room to another;
  2. Maintain appliances properly and promptly repair damaged equipment, especially stoves, gas pipes, and electrical wiring;
  3. Put away toys, tools, car parts and shoes after use to avoid tripping over them;
  4. Keep matches and lighters, medicines and poisons out of children’s reach;
  5. Avoid overloading power ports; e.g. plugging appliances altogether in one electric socket;
  6. Use proper voltage and fuses for circuits and equipment;
  7. Keep rooms adequately ventilated, with enough air space around electric appliances;
  8. Cover slippery floors with rubber or anchor mats and carpets;
  9. Cover sharp-edged furniture, especially when children are learning to walk;
  10. Use rubber mats in bath tubs to avoid slipping;
  11. Never place electric equipment, such as hair dryers and heaters, where they can fall into areas with water;
  12. Do not touch electric sockets and switches with wet hands. If you suspect a gas leak, a very strong smell of gas lingers and you cannot detect the source, try doing the following :
    - Open all doors and windows
    - Put out all open flames
    - Shut off the main valve of the gas supply
    - Do not turn any electric switches on or off, as you may cause an explosion
    - Get the children and elderly out of the house and to an open area, and
    - Notify your employer and call the gas company immediately.

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